Australian Medical Association President Omar Khorshid said there were worrying numbers of infected frontline workers and several clusters liked to hospitals.
"This is about health care worker safety and the safety of patients, and not about vaccines by force," he said on Tuesday.
The AMA wants nationally consistent public health orders to mandate vaccinations for all health workers as soon as possible.
"We've said plans to reopen Australia will be a disaster unless our health sector is ready and that will mean having a fully protected medical workforce," Dr Khorshid said.
Aged care workers will be required to have had at least one vaccine dose on September 17.
Companies including Qantas, Virgin and food manufacturer SPC have also moved to make jabs mandatory for employees.
Federal, state and territory leaders are on Friday expected to receive advice about the health system's capacity to handle growing coronavirus cases under a national reopening plan.
The national cabinet agreement links vaccination coverage targets of 70 and 80 per cent to reducing restriction, with city-wide lockdowns unlikely at the higher threshold.
A national News Corp-commissioned YouGov poll found 50 per cent of Australians believe lockdowns should end when the country reaches 80 per cent vaccination coverage.
A further 22 per cent back opening up when everyone who wants to be vaccinated has had the opportunity.
The survey of 3114 people found job losses (58 per cent), mental health impacts (56 per cent) and deadly coronavirus outbreaks (51 per cent) rated as people's biggest fears.
Just 12 per cent want lockdowns and restrictions to end immediately.
More than half of parents believe home schooling will have a negative impact on children's education.
October is expected to be the worst month for hospitalisations in the hardest-hit state of NSW, where 1290 cases were recorded on Monday.
Four deaths took the national toll to 1003 since the start of the pandemic.
An unvaccinated man in his 50s who died at Dubbo hospital was Australia's first Indigenous coronavirus death.
Labor Indigenous Australians spokeswoman Linda Burney said the man's death could have been prevented, blaming the Morrison government's slow vaccine rollout.
"We know that the federal government was warned back in March 2020 that this was going to be the outcome if they did not step in," she said.
There were 73 new cases in Victoria, which has been unable to stamp out an outbreak despite an extended lockdown.
Australia has fully vaccinated 34.41 per cent of its population aged 16 and over, while almost 55 per cent have received one jab.
Canberrans are set to learn on Tuesday whether the national capital's lockdown will be extended.
The ACT recorded 12 new cases on Monday.