The study into the potential harms of e-cigarettes was conducted by The Australian National University after the federal government commissioned it for its National Tobacco Strategy 2022-2030.
The report found evidence that vapes caused poisoning, burns and immediate toxicity through inhalation, some of which could result in seizures.
“E-cigarettes cause acute lung injury,” the report said.
“Among smokers, there is moderate evidence that use of e-cigarettes increases heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and arterial stiffness acutely after use.”
In the report, Professor Emily Banks from the ANU National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health said there are “myths” targeting young people about vapes.
“The false ideas that vapes wouldn't be widely available if they were dangerous and "it's just water vapour,” she said in the report.
“Vapes deliver hundreds of chemicals - some of them known to be toxic and many others with unknown effects.”
Vapes are available in dozens of flavours, such as bubblegum and fruit flavours, which the report says are targeted at children.
One of the key recommendations of the report is to outlaw these flavours and remove colourful packaging to stop children from being enticed to try vapes.
“Young non-smokers who vape are around three times as likely to take up smoking than non-vapers,” said Professor Blake.
The Australian Council on Smoking and Health has called on the government to ban the sale and promotion of e-cigarettes to young people.